[tlhIngan Hol] Use of *-'e'* with adverbials

luis.chaparro at web.de luis.chaparro at web.de
Wed Oct 20 04:00:53 PDT 2021

> I'm not sure Kingons consider there to be a difference. Call it "fopic" - it brings attention and focus to the word, whether it is acting more like what English linguists call "focus" or more like what they call "topic" and whether it appears before any adverbs, in the traditional object location, in the traditional subject location, or after a subject pronoun acting as connecting verb.  For English speakers, I like to describe **-'e'** as having four uses, but I suspect that a Klingon would see it all as just the same single use applied in different situations.

Thank you for your reply, janSIy! I like your idea of a Klingon "fopic" :-)

I think I understand now how topic/focus works in Klingon much better, but I still don't feel comfortable using *-'e'* this way. When I write in Klingon, I never get the feeling that I'm doing it right (and not only with regard to topic/focus!). I'm really more than grateful for the help I get in this email list (and for free!), so I'm feeling now a bit guilty for asking this, but if anyone could take a quick look to the examples I wrote in my last post and tell me if they are overall correct or maybe I din't get it yet, it would be great. But if you don't feel like it or you don't have the time, I fully understand it!

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