[tlhIngan Hol] {'e' qa'} "instead of" with quotations

luis.chaparro at web.de luis.chaparro at web.de
Thu Oct 7 03:14:04 PDT 2021


> jIQam; jIba' 'e' qa'
> I stand instead of sitting.
> This is literally I stand; it replaces that I sit. You cannot say jIQam; jIba' qa', because the object of qa' replace cannot directly be a sentence. You need the pronoun to stand in for it.

Maybe I'm missing something here, but what is actually the subject of *qa'* in this sentence? I would say that is the first sentence (*jIQam*), something like *That I stand replaces that I sit*. But since sentences as subjects aren't possible in Klingon, I cannot understand this structure properly.

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