[tlhIngan Hol] {'e' qa'} "instead of" with quotations

SuStel sustel at trimboli.name
Thu Oct 7 05:50:47 PDT 2021

On 10/7/2021 6:14 AM, luis.chaparro at web.de wrote:
> SuStel:
>> jIQam; jIba' 'e' qa'
>> I stand instead of sitting.
>> This is literally I stand; it replaces that I sit. You cannot say jIQam; jIba' qa', because the object of qa' replace cannot directly be a sentence. You need the pronoun to stand in for it.
> Maybe I'm missing something here, but what is actually the subject of*qa'* in this sentence? I would say that is the first sentence 
> (*jIQam*), something like *That I stand replaces that I sit*. But since sentences as subjects aren't possible in Klingon, I cannot understand this structure properly.

This is one of those cases of Okrand giving us what appears to be a 
fixed expression that doesn't follow the rules. I'm not sure it makes 
sense to ask what the subject of *qa'* is here.

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