[tlhIngan Hol] Klingon Word of the Day: bI'reS

Will Martin willmartin2 at mac.com
Wed Apr 21 09:05:08 PDT 2021

Where did you get the references for the two NASM quotes?

[somehow related to the 1903 Wright Flyer in the Smithsonian National Air and Space Museum:]
Brothers made three usual significant air ships which lack the engine of the introduction and tested it. ????

That’s certainly the most unusual synopsis of the accomplishment of the Wright Brothers that I’ve ever seen. Did Okrand actually write that? Can anyone else make more sense of it than I can?

I’ve read several books on the Wright Brothers and am currently reading three more, so I’m interested in the topic, but this so-called sentence doesn’t really do it for me.

Yes, they built three gliders before building the powered aircraft, assuming that all the modifications of the prototypes during the three winters at Kitty Hawk can be grouped into what can be called three prototypes marked by the final version they developed at the end of each of those winters, ignoring all the intermediate versions. The first discovered adverse yaw. The second added insufficient rudders. The third added somewhat less insufficient rudders. The powered version had even less insufficient rudders (though still not quite sufficient, given the lack of independence between yaw and roll control, since the need for these controls doesn’t appear simultaneously, in a mechanically proportional degree). It wasn’t until 1908 that they started giving yaw control a degree of independence, and even then, Orville and Wilbur used different control systems to do this, even on otherwise identical Flyers.

But I digress.

And it’s a bit of a stretch to refer to what the X-15 did as “flying”. It flew pretty much like a missile flies, for tens of seconds, and then “glides” kind of like an arrow “glides" while landing, and even then, it’s somewhat of an exaggeration to call its method of eventually stopping on the ground without killing the pilot “landing”.

I have pretty much as much trouble decyphering the X-15 quote. I apologize for my apparent lack of sufficient skill with the language to make sense of it.

Earth year one nine five nine, North America's X-15 flew an introduction to an opera.


charghwI’ ‘utlh
(ghaH, ghaH, -Daj)

> On Apr 21, 2021, at 11:18 AM, Steven Boozer <sboozer at uchicago.edu> wrote:
> Klingon word: 	bI'reS
> Part of speech: 	noun
> Definition: 	beginning (of an opera, play, story, speech)
> Source: 	HQ:v12n2p8
> _______________________________________________
> bI'reS qeylIS vaq molor
>   ghIq qeylIS juHHom ghoS qotar
>   'ej qeylIS mong 'uchchoH   [...] 
> First, Molor taunts Kahless
>  [remainder of translation unavailable] (PB
> may' bI'reS bejtaHvIS mon 
>   ghIq pum QaSDaj law' 'e' legh 
>   ghIq qempa'QeH legh
>  (i.e. Molor; [translation unavailable] (PB)
> poH tuj bI'reS nungbogh wa' jaj qeylIS DIS chorghvatlh loSmaH jav qaStaHvIS. [sic] 
> In the days that follow the summer solstice in the Year of Kahless 846. ('u'-MTK)
> tera' DIS wa' Hut vagh Hut, bI'reS puv 'amerI'qa' 'ev chan 'ev X-wa'maH vagh. 
> [untranslated]  (NASM “North American X-15”)
> bI'reS nguSDI' Hutlhbogh wej muD Duj'a'mey motlh chenmoH loDnI'pu' 'ej waH. 
> [untranslated] (NASM “1903 Wright Flyer”) 
> (HQ 12.2:8-9):  There is a difference between the end of the performance of a song or opera or play, indicated by  making use of the verbs {van} and {ghang}, and the ending, or final portion, of a song or opera or play itself. For an opera, play, story, speech, and so on, the final portion is its {bertlham}. This word usually refers to the last aria or other musical portion in an opera, last speech in a play, last sentence or so of a story or an address. The {bertlham} of a well-known work is often well-known itself, as is its beginning ({bI'reS}) For a song—but only for a song—the final portion is its {'o'megh}. Parallel to {bertlham}, {'o'megh} is the final phrase or so of the song, one that brings the song to a definite conclusion. All songs have endings ({'o'meghmey}), some more elaborate or stirring than others … that portion of the song that comes at the beginning—a portion that is often so familiar that listeners know what song it is after hearing just that short portion—is the {namtun}.
> (KGT 13):  An example of this is found in the story of Kahless and Lukara. Following the successful defense of the Great Hall at Qam-Chee, Kahless and Lukara engage in a brief conversation that marks the start of their epic romance. Students have been memorizing these lines and repeating them for so long, they have become part of the knowledge shared by all Klingons. One need only say the first line - "{mova' 'aqI' ruStaq}," a {no' Hol} way to say "today was a good day to die" - and everyone will know what is to follow. Interestingly, in the case of this particular conversation, the lines have been incorporated into a mating ritual that persists to this day, with the man and the woman taking the roles and repeating the {no' Hol} lines of Kahless and Lukara, respectively, as the prelude to a romantic encounter.
> Another example is {'o meQ qul! 'o meQ chal!}, the {bI'reS} from the opera {qul tuq} (KCD).
> PUN: Heb. *Be-reshit* (Hebrew name of the book of Genesis)
> SEE:
> poH tuj bI'reS 	summer solstice (n) ('u'-MTK)
> mung 		origin (n)
> lut cherlu' 	prologue (n) PB
> qa'vam 		genesis (origin of everything) (n)
> tagh 		begin (v)
> --
> Voragh, Ca'Non Master of the Klingons
>    Please contribute relevant vocabulary from the last year or two. I’ve fallen 
>    behind in updating my files and adding cross-references for related words.  
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