[tlhIngan Hol] expressing "approximately" with {chaq} and {tlhoS} the lesson from {vabDot} where {chaq} and {tlhoS} refer

Will Martin willmartin2 at mac.com
Wed Mar 16 21:12:20 PDT 2022

No forgiveness necessary. I did not intend to suggest that you had erred. I don’t think you did. I was just being explicit for the benefit of someone who might not have that same understanding.

I just wanted to expand on your advice to cover how to handle potential situations where an adverbial could be interpreted to belong to one clause when the intent was for it to apply to a different clause in the same sentence, and how to avoid that by intentionally arranging clauses when the order of the clauses is optional.


charghwI’ ‘utlh
(ghaH, ghaH, -Daj)

> On Mar 16, 2022, at 11:06 AM, SuStel <sustel at trimboli.name> wrote:
> On 3/16/2022 10:21 AM, Will Martin wrote:
>> I really like this explanation.
>> I’ll only append that rather than at the sentence level, I think adverbials apply to the clause level.
> Yes, in all Klingon studies, the words sentence and clause are nearly synonymous, and whenever I say "sentence," I really mean "sentence or clause," with the understanding that in Klingon studies, a "clause" is one of the structures described in TKD as basic sentences, subordinate clauses (including relative clauses and purpose clauses), "to be" constructions, comparatives and superlatives, and that sentences can be single clauses or compound clauses as described in TKD as complex sentences.
> So you'll forgive me if I routinely compress all that down to "sentence" in exactly the same way TKD does.
> -- 
> SuStel
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