[tlhIngan Hol] Difference between "all X" and "all of X"

Will Martin willmartin2 at mac.com
Fri Jun 21 07:16:08 PDT 2019

In English, “All X” means “all members of group X”, while “All of X” means “the entirety of the single entity X”. Drop “species” to make this easier to understand and it’s the difference between the whole cat, or all cats.

Adding “species” makes it a little more complicated. I’d interpret it as the difference between all members of the species of a particular cat, vs. the full range of species that one would classify as “cat”, assuming that there is a boundary between different species that we would all call “cat”. If “cat” refers to only one species, then one of the two terms is meaningless.

charghwI’ vaghnerya’ngan

rInpa’ bomnIS be’’a’ pI’.

> On Jun 21, 2019, at 9:53 AM, mayqel qunen'oS <mihkoun at gmail.com> wrote:
> There's something I don't understand, which perhaps has to do with the
> fact that english is not my native language.
> What's the difference between "all X" and "all of X" ?
> Suppose I say {vIghro' Hoch mutmey}, which means "all species of the cat".
> And now suppose I say {vIghro' mutmey Hoch}. which means "all of the
> species of the cat".
> Is there a difference in meaning between these two ? And if yes what ?
> Because, I can't *feel* anything different between them.
> ~ m. qunen'oS
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