[tlhIngan Hol] the "bully" of {'Irgh}

Steven Boozer sboozer at uchicago.edu
Fri Aug 9 07:43:53 PDT 2019

I agree with niqolay Q:  {‘Irgh } is probably not limited to children since Okrand also translated it as “intimidate, harass, pick on”.  (Though “pick on” also tends to be used with children.)

Note that we also have the verbs {nuQ} “annoy, bother”, {naH} “be hostile, malicious, unfriendly, antagonistic”, and {vaQ} “be aggressive”.

For those not familiar with that PCHC anti-bullying-in-schools message, here it is in full:

tera' DIS cha' pagh wa' wej meHghem Qat Sub boq cherlu'.
vay' mIpmoHbe' DIvI'vam, 'ej Hov leng qangtlhIn pabchu'.
qum DuSaQmeyDaq 'Irghbe'meH ghotpu' nabmey ghojmoH,
  'ej pIj tay'taH Doch pIm num.
Da'Irghlu'chugh, potlhqu' Huch Daghaqbogh, 'ej yInmey
  lutoDlu'meH Qu' 'ut wItur 'e' QaH noblIj.
pItlho'.   maHvaD Huch Daghaqmo', bIquvqu'.

In 2013, Popular Culture Hero Coalition was established.
This organization does not enrich anyone (financially), and it
  perfectly follows the ideology of Star Trek.
In public schools, it teaches procedures so that people don't
  bully, and it promotes Infinite Diversity in Infinite Combinations.
If you were bullied, money that you contribute is very important, and
  your gift will help us carry out an essential mission so that lives are saved.
We thank you. Because you contribute money to us, you are very honored.

Ca'Non Master of the Klingons

From: tlhIngan-Hol <tlhingan-hol-bounces at lists.kli.org> On Behalf Of nIqolay Q
On Fri, Aug 9, 2019 at 9:36 AM mayqel qunen'oS <mihkoun at gmail.com<mailto:mihkoun at gmail.com>> wrote:
The verb {'Irgh} is given as "bully, intimidate, pick on, harass".
I'd like to ask, since english is not my native language..
In english, do you use the verb "bully" with regards only to in-school harassment, or do you use it too, in other kinds of harassment ?
If a grown-up is harassed at work, because of his color/religion/sexual orientation etc, can you say that "he's being bullied" ?
Or is "being bullied" used only in highschool with regards to teenagers ?

At least in the usage I'm familiar with, "bully", as a noun and a verb, is usually applied to kids and teenagers. When it's applied to adults, it often has the connotation that the adults in question are being childish or immature. The word {'Irgh} was used for translating an anti-bullying-in-schools message, so that's probably why it's in there. I don't think {'Irgh} itself has any sort of age-based connotations.

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