[tlhIngan Hol] New words from qep'a' cha'maH vaghDIch
sustel at trimboli.name
Mon Jul 23 13:06:23 PDT 2018
On 7/23/2018 4:00 PM, nIqolay Q wrote:
> What is the difference between *DIy* and *ngItlh*? It seems like the
> former is used for things that get stuck or jammed on their own parts,
> like a door and its frame, while the latter is for two things that are
> distinct and can theoretically move apart from each other. But I'm not
> sure I've really captured the difference there.
My impression is that *DIy* means being unable to operate due to
immobile parts, while *ngItlh* means unable to move from place to place
due to some kind of external resistance.
> What's the semantic difference between *HIr* and *ngam*? Does *HIr*
> imply being held in place? Which word would be better used for, say, a
> gecko walking on a wall, sticking to it with its feet? My guess is
> that it would fall under the category of *ngam*.
*HIr* is stative and *ngam* is active. The thing sticks *(ngam)* because
it is stuck *(HIr).*
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