[tlhIngan Hol] KLBC - How to say "I like to do/doing something"
sustel at trimboli.name
Sat Feb 11 09:16:48 PST 2017
On 2/11/2017 8:34 AM, Aurélie Demonchaux wrote:
> Indeed the lack of tense can be a bit confusing sometimes and it's
> taking me a bit of time getting used to.
> I'm still working to figure out also how it works with the verb suffixes.
> For example, in the 4 possible sentences below, do I get the exact
> nuances right?
> jIvutpu’ ’e’ vIparHa’
> - I like that I cooked (at some point in the past)
> - I like that I have cooked (just now)
> - I like finishing to cook (maybe implying that this is when I can
> finally eat ;)
"At some point in the past" implies past tense, which we know Klingon
doesn't have. Instead, the *-pu'* tells us that "I cook" is a completed
action. In English we can't separate tense and aspect, so the
distinction is difficult for English-speakers to grasp.
*/I cooked; I have cooked; I will have cooked
/I perform, performed, or will perform an act of cooking, and I now,
did, or will complete that act.
The single word in no way tells you whether the action is past, present,
or future. It means all of them and none of them at the same time, the
same way that /blue/ means sky-blue and navy-blue and TARDIS-blue all at
the same time.
*/yesterday I cooked; yesterday I had cooked/
*/right now I have cooked/
*/tomorrow I will have cooked/
Contexts like these are required to determine /when/ the cooking happened.
If you don't use an aspect suffix, you are explicitly talking about an
action that is not completed (or continuous) in the moment your are
*/I cook; //It's true that I cook things/
This also does not specify /when/ an action happened, which requires
*/I cooked yesterday; it's true that I engaged in cooking yesterday/
*/I cook now; at other times I may not have cooked, but it's true that I
*/I will cook tomorrow; tomorrow I'll do some cooking/
You can make a similar comparison with the continuous suffixes.
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