[tlhIngan Hol] Expressing "must"

mayqel qunenoS mihkoun at gmail.com
Mon Nov 14 12:52:15 PST 2016

or maybe just a simple, yet effective:

{time stamp, yadda yadda yadda I do this or that to you. jIHvaD 'ut}.

ghoghwIj HablI'vo' vIngeHta'

On 14 Nov 2016 10:40 pm, "mayqel qunenoS" <mihkoun at gmail.com> wrote:

> Something which during the 14 months I've been on this list, only once
> someone has mentioned is this:
> the {-nIS}, expresses "need"; it isn't equivalent with the english "must".
> if I write {jIQongnIS}, then this means "I need to sleep". I need to sleep
> because I am exhausted. Similarly {jISopnIS}, is "I need to eat"; I *need*
> to eat, because I'm starving.
> But what if I want to express "must" ? The must doesn't necessarily
> express "need". Mainly it expresses "obligation". Mainly it expresses
> "necessity".
> So, I thought that perhaps in order to express the "must", we could use
> the {'ut}.
> Example: "because you're a bad cat, I must tickle you" {vIghro' mIgh
> SoHmo' vIqotlh. 'ut.}
> However there is a problem. In the above example, while the english
> sentence describes a necessity to perform an action in the future (near or
> not so near), the klingon one doesn't. It says "because you're a bad cat I
> tickle you. it is necessary".
> So, in order to get the job done, we only need to place a {tugh} in the
> beginning, or any other appropriate time stamp and we're good to go.
> Perhaps by the appropriate context, and a well placed {'ut}, or maybe even
> {potlh}, or maybe even {net pIHbej}, or even better {net poQbej}, or even
> way better {jIHvaD net poQbej} we can express the "must", without falling
> into the trap of using {-nIS}.
> 'ach chaq jImuj. jIQongnISmo' jIQubchu'laHbe'. Do', muloStaH QongDaqwIj
> tun..
> qunnoH
> ghoghwIj HablI'vo' vIngeHta'
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