[tlhIngan Hol] As soon as I had tickled the dog

Lieven levinius at gmx.de
Mon Aug 22 11:53:54 PDT 2016

Am 22.08.2016 um 19:39 schrieb mayqel qunenoS:
> thank you very much SuStel and lieven for taking the time to explain all this.
> perhaps -slowly- I'm beginning to understand the difference between
> tense and aspect, although -currently-, I feel it is a subtle one.

Well, the special thing is that you can also use aspect for events in 
the future.

For instance to say something like "I hope that I will have killed the 
man by tomorrow evening" you can use the aspect suffix.

{qaSpa' wa'leS ram loD vIHoHta' 'e' vItul}

NOW I hope (a non-contunious and not ended situation) that at the moment 
called "tommorow evening" (an event in the future) the action of killing 
is over (hence the -ta') suffix.

Is that understandable? (@mayqel)
Is that correct? (@SuStel)

> If I'm writing a passage, which clearly concerns a number of completed
> events, do I need to repeat the {-pu'} on every verb, or just once or
> twice suffices ?

You need it depending on how the verb is "going on": Here's an example 
using all the suffixes. I hope it works like this:

{Soppu'mo' Qong vavwI', 'ach vIvemmoHta'be'mo' QongtaH ghaH.}
"My father sleeps because he has finished eaten. But because I did not 
wake him up, he ist still sleeping."

Lieven L. Litaer
aka Quvar valer 'utlh
Grammarian of the KLI

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