[tlhIngan Hol] Klingon Word of the Day: 'Iq

Steven Boozer sboozer at uchicago.edu
Fri Mar 31 07:20:12 PDT 2023

Klingon word: 	'Iq
Part of speech: 	verb
Definition: 	be too much, be too many
Source: 	HQ:v8n3p3

(MO, HQ 8.3):  [{tlhoy}] is used in such sentences as 
    tlhoy jISop. 		I eat too much, I eat excessively.
    tlhoy bIQong 		you sleep too much, you sleep excessively.  
When {tlhoy} is used, it denotes that the action expressed by the verb is what is being overly done or done too much. … To express the idea of "too much gagh" or "too many tribbles," the verb {'Iq} "be too many, be too much" is used adjectivally.  For example:  
    yIHmey 'Iq vIlegh 	I see too many tribbles.  
    qagh 'Iq vISop 	I eat too much *gagh*. 
Sometimes, the word {law'qu'} "be very many" (formed from {law'} "be many" plus {-qu'}, the emphatic suffix) is translated "be too many".  If the context is clear, this is acceptable, but if it important to stress the idea of overly many, overly much, more than there ought to be, {tlhoy} or {'Iq} is usually employed.

tlhoy 		overly, excessively, too much (adv)
yap  		be enough, sufficient (v)

Voragh, Ca'Non Master of the Klingons
    Please contribute relevant vocabulary from recent qep’a’mey 
    or qepHommey. I’ve fallen woefully behind in updating my files.

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