[tlhIngan Hol] Klingon Word of the Day: ghur

Steven Boozer sboozer at uchicago.edu
Tue Jan 10 07:23:25 PST 2023

Klingon Word of the Day for Tuesday, January 10, 2023

Klingon word: 	ghur
Part of speech: 	verb
Definition: 	increase
Source: 	TKD

SuvwI' vI' Dub naQvam 'ej ray' HopDaq bachlu'meH chuqna' ghurmoH naQvam 
This serves to steady the aim of a warrior and increase the effective range for distance targeting. (S14)

jaghpu'ra' bopujmoHtaHvIS, ghur tuqmeyraj quv. 
Honor will rise in your houses as you bring your enemies to their knees. (MKE)

(De'vID, 3/22/12: at qepHom'a' 2011 MO [Okrand] said that {ghur} is intransitive):  lugh {ghur vay'}, {vay' ghurmoHlu'}, {nup vay'}, {vay' nupmoHlu'} je 'e' maqbej MO.  {jIr} rur {DIng} maq je 'ach rurchu' 'e' maqchu'be'.  S ovchu'meH matlh'e' tlhobnISlaw'.

(De'vID, 6/30/2015: at qepHom 2011): "[Okrand] confirmed that the subjects of {ghur} and {nup} are increasing and decreasing, respectively.

(Lieven, qepHom 2018):  Okrand later explained on the example of a book:  if you make an expanded version of it, then you {paq SachmoH}, the book expands: {Sach paq} and you end up with a {paq Sach}, an extended book.

(qep’a’ 2021):  {jo'} is used for zoom in on (the object is the image).  {jo'Ha'} is zoom out (applied to something that was previously zoomed in on).  In context, {Sach} "expand, be amplified, be increased in scope" can be used for "be magnified.” 

Sach 		expand (v)
lun 		swell (up) (v)
tIn		be big, large  (v)
rab 		be gigantic, huge, humongous (v)

nup 		decrease (v)
mach 		be small (v)

Voragh, Ca'Non Master of the Klingons
    Please contribute relevant vocabulary from recent qep’a’mey 
    or qepHommey. I’ve fallen woefully behind in updating my files.

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