[tlhIngan Hol] {net X} vs. {'e' Xlu'}

De'vID de.vid.jonpin at gmail.com
Fri Jun 10 18:08:03 PDT 2022

Dr. Okrand didn't clarify when {net X} would be used as opposed to {'e'
Xlu'}, but acknowledged that multiple uses of {-lu'} in a complex sentence
refer back to the same indefinite subject. In {Heghlu'DI' mobbe'lu'chugh
QaQqu'Hegh wanI'}, the subject of {Hegh} is the same as the subject of
{mobbe'}. (There are several other examples in canon, but this sentence
happens to appear in the paq'batlh.)

This seems to explain some instances of {'e' Xlu'} that we've seen, namely,
{yInlu'taH 'e' bajnISlu'}, {yay chavlu' 'e' bajnISlu'}, and {DIvI' rojmab
qep ghanglu' 'e' nIDlu'}. It would also seem to imply that {vImuHlu' net
wuqHa'} means the person who commuted the execution is not the same as the
person who performs the execution, whereas {vImuHlu' 'e' wuqHa'lu'} would
imply they're the same person. But it does not explain {Qang QanmeH yan
'ISletlh Damuv 'e' wIvlu'} (rather than {net wIv}) or {SIS 'e' 'aqlu'}
(rather than {SIS net 'aq}).

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