[tlhIngan Hol] Use of *-'e'* with adverbials

luis.chaparro at web.de luis.chaparro at web.de
Tue Oct 19 06:37:07 PDT 2021

In this thread (http://lists.kli.org/pipermail/tlhingan-hol-kli.org/2021-October/018262.html) was recently discussed how *-'e'* works, so I want to take this opportunity to ask something I've been wondering for a while.

In the Addendum to TKD we find this sentence: *HaqwI''e' DaH yISam*. The translation (*Find the SURGEON now!*) makes it clear that *-'e'* works here as focus. An object with *-'e'* can precede an adverbial. But:

1. Is this position optional or mandatory? And:
2. What could be a suitable context for this sentence (focus interpretation)?
3. Since *HaqwI''e'* ends here at the beginning of the sentence, could it also be interpreted as topic? (*As for the surgeon, find her / him now!*). And if so, would the correct interpretation only depend on context?
4. At the beginning of PB, is the use of *-'e'* with *DaH tIQoy* topic?

Thank you!

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