[tlhIngan Hol] Why the half-measure of 'e' neHbe' vavoy?

SuStel sustel at trimboli.name
Sun Feb 14 07:25:12 PST 2021

On 2/14/2021 10:09 AM, mayqel qunen'oS wrote:
> SuStel:
> > bIpawpu'DI', qagh vIneH. When you
> > arrived, I wanted gagh.
> > I'm describing your arrival as completed:
> > you're standing before me. I'm describing
> > my desire without the perfective, because
> > my desire is not completed when you
> > arrive.
> Ok, I understand this. But let me ask you something..
> Yesterday, a romulan beams down in my room, punches me, and then leaves.
> Looking back on the event, should I write: {jIHDaq narghpu'DI', muqIppu'}
> or should I write {jIHDaq narghpu'DI', muqIp}?
> Instinctively, I'd choose to say {jIHDaq narghpu'DI', muqIppu'} ("as 
> soon as he has appeared he has hit me"). But I get the impression that 
> this could be understood as "by the time he appeared he had already 
> hit me", i.e. the hitting took place before the romulan's arrival.

It depends on whether you are describing being in the middle of the 
event or being at a point after the event.

I'm not going to demonstrate with the word *qIp*/hit,/ because the 
present, past, and participle forms of /hit/ are all the same, obscuring 
the point. I'll use the word *legh*/see /(which has past and participle 
forms /saw/ and /seen/).

I might be telling you a story and expressing my perspective as part of 
that story:

*jIHDaq narghpu'DI', mulegh.*/As soon as he had appeared at my location, 
he sees me./ The arrival is a completed event from this point of view, 
and the seeing occurs now. I'm not describing being in the moment 
/after/ the seeing, so the seeing is not completed and hence not perfective.

Or I might be giving you a list of events that occurred, and now we're 
looking back at them:

*jIHDaq narghpu'DI', muleghpu'.*/As soon as he had appeared at my 
location, he saw me./ The arrival is a completed event that sets the 
context for the event of seeing, which from our current viewpoint is 
also a completed event.

Which one you choose depends on the context in which you are speaking 
and the viewpoint which that context demands. Do you want to put the 
listener in the middle of the action, or do you want to report on events 
at a temporal remove? For any given sentence, does the verb's activity 
reach beyond the moment you are expressing?

*wa'Hu' jIHDaq narghpu'DI', jIQuch.*/As soon as he had appeared at my 
location yesterday, I was happy./ Here I would not use perfective no 
matter whether it was an in-the-moment expression or an after-the-fact 
expression because I'm not describing an event that is completed in the 
moment I describe it. I don't experience a moment of happiness that then 
ends; I'm simply describing what my state happened to be when he 
appeared. If I want to say that I /became/ happy at that moment, 
/becoming happy/ is a momentary action, and we are again back to 
deciding whether I'm in the moment or after the fact.

*wa'Hu' jIHDaq narghpu'DI', jIQuchchoH.* I'd use this to put you in the 
moment of becoming happy.

*wa'Hu' jIHDaq narghpu'DI', jIQuchchoHpu'.* I'd use this to report the 
moment of becoming happy in an after-action kind of way.


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