[tlhIngan Hol] Klingon for "deference" (the legal term)?

Jackson Bradley j.monroe.bradley at gmail.com
Thu Mar 12 06:36:36 PDT 2020

ngoy'moH                               make responsible

latlhvaD wuqmeH Qu' nob.    Give the task of deciding to another

wuq latlh 'e' maS/poQ             Prefer/require that another decide

*x* vuD poQ                               Require the opinion of *x*

Le jeu. 12 mars 2020, à 08 h 28, Sai <conlangs at saizai.com> a écrit :

> Norwood v. Vance, 572 F. 3d 626, 630 (9th Cir. 2009) says:
> "The district court declined to give the proposed instruction because the
> meaning of deference would not be "clear to a lay person." But "deference"
> is not Urdu or Klingon; it is a common English word. See, e.g., Michael
> Crichton, Airframe 78 (1996) ("[S]he certainly knew where all the bodies
> were buried. Within the company, she was treated with a deference bordering
> on fear."). It may be true that deference has varied meanings, Dissent at
> 8515 n. 4, but so do most English words. If the district judge believed the
> term needed further context or definition, he could have provided it."
> dissent n. 4:
> "(I must, however, acknowledge that the majority is quite correct in
> intuiting that, unsurprisingly, there is no Klingon word for "deference."
> See generally Marc Okrand, THE KLINGON DICTIONARY (Star Trek 1992)"
> <https://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=7908441514095692961>
> Black's Law Dictionary (9th Ed. 2009) defines:
> defer, vb. (17c) 2. To show deference to (another); to yield to the
> opinion of <because it was a political question, the courts deferred to the
> legislature>.
> due deference. The appropriate degree of respect with which a reviewing
> authority must consider the decision of a primary decision-maker.
> Chevron deference. A two-part test under which a court will uphold a
> federal agency's construction of a federal statute if (1) the statute is
> ambiguous or does not address the question at issue, and (2) the agency's
> interpretation of the statute is reasonable.• If the court finds that the
> legislature's intent is clearly expressed in the statute, then that intent
> is upheld.
> So: what, if anything, is Klingon for "deference"?
> If there isn't a word/phrase for it, and circumlocution would be
> culturally permitted, what would that be?
> Sincerely,
> Sai
> Founder, Language Creation Society
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