[tlhIngan Hol] scope of the {jay'}

Will Martin willmartin2 at mac.com
Fri Sep 13 06:57:30 PDT 2019


On one hand, putting {jay’} into a sentence generally conveys the sense, “I’m upset about this and I’m cussing.” It has more to do with expressing the emotion of the moment than it does with any specific grammatical unit.

On the other hand, technically, it applies to the phrase to which it is adjoined. A phrase is a unit of speech smaller than a sentence. In your sentence, it’s the verb {bo’elpu’}. “You have #$*@ entered…"

charghwI’ vaghnerya’ngan

rInpa’ bomnIS be’’a’ pI’.




> On Sep 13, 2019, at 9:48 AM, mayqel qunen'oS <mihkoun at gmail.com> wrote:
> 
> Read the following from tkd:
> 
>> {jay'} "intensely"
>> This word not only intensifies whatever is being said, it
>> turns the whole phrase into an invective. Alone among the
>> adverbials, {jay'} always comes at the end of the sentence.
>> {qaStaH nuq jay'} "What the #$*@ is happening?"
>> {mIch 'elpu' jay'} "They've entered the #$%@ sector!"
> 
> Now I ask..
> 
> A klingon ship is traveling and suddenly picks up the following transmission:
> 
> {jabbI'ID bojemchugh, vaj mIch bo'elpu' jay'}
> 
> Where does the {jay'} refer ? To the {vaj mIch bo'elpu'} only ? Or to
> the whole phrase {jabbI'ID bojemchugh, vaj mIch bo'elpu' jay'} ?
> 
> ~ bara'qa'
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