[tlhIngan Hol] does {yay'} have a positive or a negative meaning ?

Will Martin willmartin2 at mac.com
Tue Oct 29 12:09:51 PDT 2019

In English, the word “surprise” requires context to know whether it’s positive or negative. The only thing it definitely suggests is a lack of expectation of whatever happens. Sometimes also, lack of preparation for whatever happens.

Surprise birthday party. Surprise attack. Surprise scientific discovery.

charghwI’ vaghnerya’ngan

rInpa’ bomnIS be’’a’ pI’.

> On Oct 29, 2019, at 3:05 PM, mayqel qunen'oS <mihkoun at gmail.com> wrote:
> ok, I understand so far.
> But being on the subject..
> Since english isn't my native language, there's something else I wonder too.
> We have the verb {mer} for "surprise". In english, does the verb "surprise", has an inherent positive or negative meaning ?
> Are both of the following acceptable ?
> {muQuchmoH be'nalwI', mumerpu'}
> my wife surprised me, in order to make me happy
> {romuluSnganpu' peqmeH tlhInganpu', merpu'}
> the klingons surprised the romulans in order to slaughter them
> - bara'qa'
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