[tlhIngan Hol] Noun marked with {-'e'} at the beginning of the sentence

SuStel sustel at trimboli.name
Mon May 13 09:53:44 PDT 2019


On 5/13/2019 12:41 PM, mayqel qunen'oS wrote:

> Again, sorry for my ignorance of grammar terms, but can you please 
> explain the difference between "marked" "emphasized" and "topicalized" ?

/Marked/ means the wording is noticeably odd in some way. /Emphasis/ 
means you are drawing attention or importance to a term. /Topic/ means 
you're telling what the sentence is all about.

Klingon *-'e'* serves as a topic marker in pronoun-as-to-be sentences. 
It serves as an emphasis marker when placed on the subject or object of 
a basic sentence or dependent clause. It serves as a marker of the head 
noun of a relative clause. And it serves as the marker of a topic noun 
standing on its own, but this usage is said by Okrand to be marked — 
using it this way seems odd to native speakers.

-- 
SuStel
http://trimboli.name

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