[tlhIngan Hol] when to {-vaD} and when to {-Daq}

SuStel sustel at trimboli.name
Thu Dec 5 08:03:14 PST 2019

On 12/5/2019 10:47 AM, mayqel qunen'oS wrote:
> Lets take the sentence {tera'vo' Qo'noSvaD taj vIngeH}, and lets 
> assume that by {Qo'noS} I mean the "people of kronos".
> When we read it as "from earth (for the benefit of) the people of 
> kronos", then can't it mean too something like:
> "I send it from earth, to someone unspecified, but for the benefit of 
> the people of kronos" ?
> Why do the people of kronos *have* to be the recipient ?

What you're asking is whether the beneficiary meaning of *-vaD* can be 
separated from the indirect object meaning of *-vaD.* The answer is not 
by grammar. /The Klingon Dictionary/ describes indirect objects as a 
subset of beneficiaries. So you have to rely on context to tell you 
which one is meant, if the difference is important.

SITUATION ONE: An ancient Klingon knife is found in a deceased 
collector's collection on Earth. The estate donates the knife to Earth's 
government, and Earth decides to give it back to the people of Kronos as 
a gesture of goodwill. *tera'vo' Qo'noSvaD taj vIngeH*/I send the knife 
from Earth to be received by Kronos./

SITUATION TWO: Terrorists have planted a bizarre bomb under the surface 
of Kronos which will explode if a certain knife is not removed from the 
surface of Earth. They don't care where the knife ends up; they just 
don't want it on Earth. I am on Earth and find myself in possession of 
the knife. *tera'vo' Qo'noSvaD taj vIngeH* /I send the knife from Earth 
to benefit Kronos./


-------------- next part --------------
An HTML attachment was scrubbed...
URL: <http://lists.kli.org/pipermail/tlhingan-hol-kli.org/attachments/20191205/42181759/attachment-0005.htm>

More information about the tlhIngan-Hol mailing list