[tlhIngan Hol] Is the emphatic {chaH} Ca'NoN ?

Felix Malmenbeck felixm at kth.se
Fri Nov 16 07:55:37 PST 2018

I don't think it's been specified, but I don't think that the use of explicit pronouns is emphatic from a grammatical standpoint. However, using explicit pronouns may convey a sense of importance to listener/reader when they don't add any information to the sentence, as in «vIta' jIH.»; after all, the word doesn't serve any clarifying function, so that really only leaves being in there either for emphasis or for purely aesthetic reasons.

You can make this emphasis more explicit by using -'e', or stressing the word «jIH».

On the other hand, in «vIghro'mey legh chaH.», the word «chaH» helps to disambiguate the sentence, so you'd need something else (-'e', tone of voice, form of speech, etc.) to make it emphatic.

From: tlhIngan-Hol <tlhingan-hol-bounces at lists.kli.org> on behalf of nIqolay Q <niqolay0 at gmail.com>
Sent: Friday, November 16, 2018 4:39:27 PM
To: tlhingan-hol at kli.org
Subject: Re: [tlhIngan Hol] Is the emphatic {chaH} Ca'NoN ?

TKD says "Pronouns may be used as nouns, but only for emphasis or added clarity. They are not required." So it seems an explicit pronoun can be used for emphasis, with or without {-'e'}. Perhaps there are levels of emphasis that haven't been elaborated on.

On Fri, Nov 16, 2018 at 10:28 AM mayqel qunenoS <mihkoun at gmail.com<mailto:mihkoun at gmail.com>> wrote:
Lets say I write: {vIghro'mey legh} for "they see the cats".


Alternatively, I can write {vIghro'mey legh chaH}, for the same meaning.

maj again..

Often I read, that by writing the {chaH} too, I'm placing emphasis on who it is who sees the cats; i.e. I'm actually saying:

"THEY see the cats".

Which is something I can't understand, since I always thought, that if I want to emphasize the {chaH} I would use the emphatic {-'e'}, as such:

{vIghro'mey legh chaH'e'}

So, I would like to ask..

Why if I write {vIghro'mey legh chaH}, without adding the {-'e'} on {chaH}, I'm actually emphasizing it ? (the {chaH} I mean).

Can't I just be writing the {chaH}, in order to specify that it is "they" who see the cats instead of "him/her/it" ?

Is this "emphatic" interpretation of {chaH} Ca'NoN or something ?

~ mayqel qunen'oS
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