[tlhIngan Hol] Klingon Word of the Day: jo'

Steven Boozer sboozer at uchicago.edu
Fri Mar 16 08:20:35 PDT 2018

Klingon word: jo'
Part of speech: verb
Definition: inflate, fill with air, blow up
Source: qepHom 2017

(qepHom 2017 p.20):  The verb {jo'} means "blow into a container of some kind" in the sense of inflate, fill with air, blow up ("blow up" like to blow up a balloon, not "explode").  It's used for blowing up a balloon, blowing into a paper bag (so you can then hit the bag against something so that it explodes with a loud noise), whatever it is that glass blowers do, and, yes, blow bubbles.  It's not the same as {SuS} ["blow (into wind instrument) to produce sound"], which can also be used for blowing out a candle.  With {SuS} you're blowing into/onto/at something, but the air gets out of the thing (or never goes in it).  With {jo}', the air is trapped in the thing and can't come out until you let it out (or the thing breaks).  The object of both verbs is the thing you blow into/onto/at.  If you use a {-Daq} construction, it implies that you missed - you blew towards the object, but the air bypassed it.

(qepHom 2017 p.20):  The verb {ngon} ["bubble,  be bubbling "] describes what water does when it's boiling: It's bubbling. Also, if you blow with a straw into a glass of water, then it's also bubble-ing, i.e. making bubbles. The person does not {ngon}, they {ngonmoH} the water. 

ba'Suq 		bubble (n)
pub 		boil (v)

N.B. Do not confuse with the unrelated noun {jo'} "machinery".

tlhIngan nompuq pIn'a'
Ca'Non Master of the Klingons

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