[tlhIngan Hol] be verbs and {-vIp}

Steven Boozer sboozer at uchicago.edu
Tue Jan 23 10:31:01 PST 2018

I’m afraid it’s “b”.  E.g.

  bIHeghvIpchugh bIHeghpu'
  If you are afraid to die, you have already died. (TKW)

“I’m afraid (that)…” is a way of softening a criticism, request, etc. in polite English.  It doesn’t refer to genuine fear in the same way that “I’m afraid to criticize Molor” would, for example -- something you might well say if Molor was glaring at you while holding a knife to your throat.


From: mayqel qunenoS

If I write {jI'IQvIp}, then what does it mean ?

a. I'm afraid I'm sad
b. I'm afraid to be sad
c. all of the above
d. any of the above (a,b, or c) depending on context

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