[tlhIngan Hol] mIS (n) mIS (v) and mISmoH

Steven Boozer sboozer at uchicago.edu
Tue Aug 22 10:02:06 PDT 2017

mIS            confusion (n)
mIS            be confused, be mixed up (v)
mISmoH    confuse (v)
(qurgh < qep’a’ 2010):  Only used for "mental confusion" (i.e. it doesn't apply to a bunch of things mixed up on a table).
See also yay’ “be shocked, be dumbfounded”, Duq “be stunned” (i.e. “be astonished, astounded, dumbfounded, shocked”) - qep’a’ 2017) and mer “surprise”.

For physically mixing something, use DuD “mix, stir”. A DuDwI' is a stirring stick:

(KGT 97-8)  The stick used for stirring in a 'un (pot) is usually called a DuDwI' ("mixer"), though sometimes the term 'un naQ (pot cane) is heard. If the end of the DuDwI' is flattened out, paddlelike, the device may also be called a ngawDeq.

On Behalf Of mayqel qunenoS
And if by "mixing one thing up with another" I meant "physically mixing them up" ?

On Aug 22, 2017 7:26 PM, "nIqolay Q" <niqolay0 at gmail.com<mailto:niqolay0 at gmail.com>> wrote:
At the latest qep'a', {mIS} and its variations were confirmed to refer to mental confusion. If by "great confusion in the street" you mean to emphasize that nobody knows what's going on, then {mIS} sounds like it would work. ("Much Ado About Nothing" was once translated as {paghmo' tIn mIS}, literally "the confusion is great because of nothing", although this wasn't done by Okrand and was also done before the latest qep'a'.)
It is probably not usable in the sense of "mixing up one thing with another". For that, you could perhaps try a phrase with {ngu'Ha'} "misidentify" or the like.

On Tue, Aug 22, 2017 at 12:18 PM, mayqel qunenoS <mihkoun at gmail.com<mailto:mihkoun at gmail.com>> wrote:
The words mIS (n) mIS (v) and mISmoH, have only to do with mental confusion ?
Can they be used with the meaning "because of the accident there was great confusion at the street" ?
And can they be used with the meaning of "mixing one thing up with another" ?

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