[tlhIngan Hol] Use of -pu' (verb suffux)

sustel at trimboli.name sustel at trimboli.name
Mon Nov 28 16:47:00 PST 2016

I disagree with your assessment of the English. I have written is not less remote in time than I wrote. The difference is only one of tense. I have written four books. I wrote the last one last year.

Klingon -pu’ and -ta’ have only the aspectual part of the English. They tell you that the action is/was/will be completed. They don’t tell you when the action occurs or when it is completed. That information must be supplied elsewhere. loS paq vIqonpu’. wa’ ben paq Qav vIqonpu’.


From: Anthony Appleyard
Sent: Monday, November 28, 2016 6:25 PM
To: tlhingan-hol at kli.org
Subject: [tlhIngan Hol] Use of -pu' (verb suffux)

In detail, how much does e.g. {ghItlhpu'} correspond with English "I have written"? One use of the English perfect is in e.g.

"I wrote a book", and that was a while ago.

"I have written a book", recently and it is news that you need to know.

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